Any dental emergency such as an injury to the teeth or gums can be considered serious and should not be ignored. Ignoring a dental problem will increase the risk of permanent damage, and the need for more extensive and expensive treatment later on may be necessary.
A quick summary of what to do for some common dental emergencies:
Toothaches: Rinse your mouth with warm water, use a floss to remove any food particles impacted around the area. If you notice a swelling, use an icepack on the outside of your cheek. And see your dentist right away.
Chipped or Broken Teeth: Save any and all pieces. Rinse your mouth with warm water. If there is any bleeding, bite on some gauze for 10 minutes or until the bleeding ceases. Apply an icepack to the outside of your mouth near the broken tooth to keep the swelling down and relieve pain. See your dentist as soon as possible.
Knocked Out Teeth: Retrieve the tooth, hold it by the crown and do not touch the root portion, rinse off the tooth root with room temperature water if it’s dirty. Do not scrub the tooth or detach any tissue fragments. If it’s possible, try and put the tooth back in place. Make sure it’s the right way and never force it into the socket. If it is not possible to put the tooth back in place, hold it in a small container of milk (or cup of water that contains a pinch of table salt, if milk is not available). And see your dentist as soon as possible. Knocked out teeth with the highest chances of being saved are those seen by the dentist and returned to their socket within 1 hour of being knocked out.
Lost Filling: For temporary use, push a piece of sugarless gum into the cavity (sugar-filled gum will be painful) or use over-the-counter dental cement. And see your dentist right away.
Lost Crown: If the crown gets detached from the tooth, make an appointment to see your dentist as soon as you are able and bring the crown with you. If you are unable to see the dentist right away and the tooth is causing pain, use a clean Q-Tip to apply clove oil to the sensitive area.
Broken Braces and Wires: If a wire breaks or protrudes out of a bracket and is poking your cheek, tongue, or gum, use the eraser end of a pencil to push the wire into a better position. If you are unable to move the wire, cover the end with orthodontic wax, a cotton ball, or gauze until you can get to see your dentist.
Abscess: Abscesses are infections that place themselves around tooth roots or between the teeth and gums. Abscesses are serious infections that can harm tissue and surrounding teeth, with the possibility of infection spreading to other parts of the body if left untreated.
See your dentist as soon as possible if you find a pimple-like mound on your gum that is typically painful. In the meantime, to ease the pain and draw the pus to the surface, try a salt water rinse, several times a day.
Soft Tissue Injuries: Injuries to the soft tissues (tongue, cheeks, gums, and lips) can cause bleeding. To control the bleeding, follow these steps: